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Crude sulphate turpentine: Safety Data Sheet

Product Identification
OOO "Torgoviy Dom "Lesokhimik" 11 Sedova str., 192019, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Phone/fax: +7 812 38 061 77

Hazard Identification
Hazardous components identification

Component name


Content, %

Exposure Limits, ppm

Turpentine and Terpene Hydrocarbon Isomers




Methyl mercaptan




Dimethyl sulfide




Dimethyl disulfide




Appearance and Odor: Clear to dark brown liquid with a foul odor.

Primary Health Hazards: The primary health hazards are due to skin exposure to the liquid and/or inhalation of the vapor or mist.

Emergency and First-Aid Procedures
Ingestion: Not applicable under normal use. If swallowed, can produce nausea, serious illness, and even death (average lethal dose for an adult is 4-6 ounces). DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Give edible oil or mineral oil to drink. Get immediate medical help.
Eye Contact: Liquid turpentine may cause irritation, conjunctivitis, or corneal burns. Vapors are irritating at 175 ppm. Speed is essential. Immediately flush with running water for at least 15 minutes, including under eyelid. Get immediate medical help.
Skin Contact: May cause irritation, dermatitis, or chemical burns. Remove contaminated clothing, footwear, and accessories such as a watch. Wash clothing before reuse and discard footwear which cannot be decontaminated. Immediately wash with warm running water and soap. Get medical help.
Skin Absorption: Liquid can penetrate skin to produce systemic effects. Wash thoroughly with soap and water and rinse.
Inhalation: May cause headache, dizziness, chest pain, bronchitis, pulmonary edema, cyanosis, narcosis, and rapid heart rate. Remove from exposure. Get medical help if symptoms persist or for excessive exposure.
Fire and Explosion Data
Flash Point: 23° to 35°C.CAUTION: The flash point of crude sulfate turpentine may be dependent on the concentration and type of sulfur compounds present.
Flammable Limits: LFL = 0.8% by volume UFL = no known data available
Extinguishing Media: Foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemical. If water must be used, use as a mist or fog only.
Autoignition Temperature: 253°C
Special Firefighting Procedures: Water may be ineffective in quenching fire, but can be used to cool fire-exposed containers and surroundings. Toxic gases may be released during fire. Use SCBA and full protective clothing.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: May be ignited by heat, sparks, flame or static electricity. Forms explosive vapor/air mixtures.

Accidental release measures

Steps to be Taken In Case Material Is Released or Spilled: Immediately notify safety and environmental personnel. Provide adequate explosion-proof ventilation to remove vapors from spill area. Personnel involved in cleanup should use protection against breathing vapors or contact with liquid. Spills should be contained, picked up with absorbent material, and placed in a closed metal container for prompt disposal.

Other Precautions: Avoid inhalation of vapors or mist. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not smoke in areas of storage or use.

Rules of the reference and storage

Precautions to be Taken In Handling and Storage: Store in a well-ventilated, cool place away from sources of heat and ignition. Store away from oxidizing agents. Protect containers against physical damage.
Exposure controls/personal protection
Respiratory protection: Suitable respiratory equipment with an organic vapor chemical cartridge is recommended
Hand protection: Protective gloves as nitrile are recommended
Eye protection: Safety goggles or full-face mask are recommended
Skin and body protection: Apron, boots, face shield, or rubber suit, chemical-cartridge respirator or air-supplied or self-contained respirator recommended for non-routine or emergency exposures above the allowable exposure limits
Work: Eyewash stations and safety showers should be readily accessible. Provide local exhaust as needed so that exposure limits are met. Provide general ventilation in processing and storage areas so that exposure limits are met.
Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) recommended when fighting fire.

Physical/Chemical Properties
Physical Description: Clear to dark brown liquid with a foul odor.
Boiling Point (760 mm Hg): 119° - 173°C
Freezing Point: -50° to -60°C
Melting Point: -50° to -60°C
Molecular Formula: Mixture
Molecular Weight: Mixture
Solubility in Water (% by weight): 0.023% at 25oC
Specific Gravity (H2O = 1): 0.87 at 15oC
Vapor Density (air = 1; 1 atm): 4.8
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 5 at 25oC
% Volatile by Volume [21oC]: 98

Chemical stability: Product is chemically stable
Conditions to Avoid: This material is reasonably stable when stored in a well-ventilated, cool place in a suitable container sealed to exclude air. It can undergo auto-oxidation in air, liberating heat which can build up in a confined space.
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Oxidizing agents, oxidation catalysts, and sources of ignition and heat.
Hazardous Decomposition or By-Products: Methyl mercaptan, Dimethyl sulfide
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
Sensitivity to Static Discharge: Crude sulfate turpentine is a flammable liquid which may be ignited or explode as the result of a static electricity discharge.

Toxicity Data: Individual component information listed below.
Turpentine: TCLo (inhalation, human) = 175 ppm. LD50 (ingestion, rat) = 5,760 mg/kg. LC50 (inhalation, rat) = 12 gm/m3/6H. LC50 (inhalation, mouse) = 29 gm/m3/2H.
Dimethyl disulfide: LC50 (rat, inhalation) = 805 ppm/4 hours. LC50 (rat, inhalation) = 15.85 mg/m3/2 hours. LC50 (mouse, inhalation) = 12.3 mg/m3/2 hours. Subchronic (rat, inhalation): 100 ppm/6 hours/day/5 days/week/4 weeks resulted in no toxicity.
Dimethyl sulfide: LD50 (ingestion, rat) = 3300 mg/kg. LD50 (ingestion, mouse) = 3700 mg/kg. LC50 (inhalation, rat) = 40,250 ppm/4H.
Methyl mercaptan: LC50 (rat, inhalation) = 675ppm/4 hr; LC50 (mouse, inhalation) = 6530 ug/m3/2 hr
Target Organs: Respiratory system, eyes, skin and central nervous system.
Environmental protection
It is necessary to avoid contact of substance with drinking sources.
The product possesses toxic action on fishes and water micro flora of natural reservoirs.

Disposal considerations
Methods of disposal: Incineration is recommended for waste disposal, using an approved incineration process for appreciable amounts in accordance with federal, state, and local regulations.
Do not incinerate sealed containers.

Transport information
UN number                                        1993
Packing group                                     III
ADR/RID                                                       UN 1993, Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (Crude sulfate turpentine, contains alpha-Pinene) 3, III
IMDG-Текст                                                  Flammable liquid, n.o.s. (Crude sulfate turpentine, contains alpha-Pinene) Class 3, UN 1993, PG III

Regulatory information

EU classification                                  F+, Extremely Flammable R12
Content                                               Crude sulfate turpentine, contains alpha-Pinene
Risk-phrases:               12                    Extremely flammable
28                   Very toxic if swallowed
36                   Irritating to eyes
37                   Irritating to respiratory system
38                   Irritating to skin
43                   May cause sensitization by skin contact
Safety-phrases:            15                    Keep away from heat
16                   Keep away from sources of ignition
23                   Do not breathe vapour
24                   Avoid contact with skin
25                   Avoid contact with eyes
36                   Wear suitable protective clothing
37                                        Wear suitable gloves
38                    In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.
39                   Wear eye / face protection
51                   Use only in well ventilated areas

Additive information
Product should be transported in polyethylene, polypropylene, aluminum or stainless steel containers
Product has manufactured according TU 13-0281078-55-89

Guaranty shelf life - 6 months from date of production

Download: Safety data sheet

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